They are metta, karuna, mudita, and upekkha. In English they are commonly known as loving-kindness, compassion, appreciative joy, and equanimity. Qualities to cultivated in all moments. They are mindfulness practices that protect the mind from falling into habitual patterns of reactivity.They are threaded through the entirety of the buddha’s teachings.Relational qualities – foundation of all respectful and healthy relationships, families and societies.They should be non-exclusive and impartial, not bound by selective preferences or prejudices. A mind that has attained to that boundlessness of the Brahma-viharas will not harbor any national, racial, religious or class hatred.